# LeetCode.189.Rotate Array 旋转数组

## 题目描述

189 Rotate Array
https://leetcode-cn.com/problems/rotate-array/

Given an array, rotate the array to the right by k steps, where k is non-negative.

Example 1:

Input: [1,2,3,4,5,6,7] and k = 3
Output: [5,6,7,1,2,3,4]
Explanation:
rotate 1 steps to the right: [7,1,2,3,4,5,6]
rotate 2 steps to the right: [6,7,1,2,3,4,5]
rotate 3 steps to the right: [5,6,7,1,2,3,4]

Example 2:

Input: [-1,-100,3,99] and k = 2
Output: [3,99,-1,-100]
Explanation:
rotate 1 steps to the right: [99,-1,-100,3]
rotate 2 steps to the right: [3,99,-1,-100]

Note:
Try to come up as many solutions as you can, there are at least 3 different ways to solve this problem.
Could you do it in-place with O(1) extra space?

## 解题过程

《编程珠玑》 第二章 2.3 节 讲了这个算法，还给出了一个翻手示例图。

private static class SolutionV2020 {
public void rotate(int[] nums, int k) {
if (null == nums || nums.length == 0 || (k % nums.length) == 0) {
return;
}
// k 先对长度求余，防止溢出
k = k % nums.length;
reverse(nums, nums.length - k, nums.length - 1);
reverse(nums, 0, nums.length - k - 1);
reverse(nums, 0, nums.length - 1);
}

private void reverse(int[] nums, int left, int right) {
if (null == nums || left == right) {
return;
}
for (; left < right; left++, right--) {
int temp = nums[right];
nums[right] = nums[left];
nums[left] = temp;
}
}
}

## GitHub代码

algorithms/leetcode/leetcode/_189_RotateArray.java
https://github.com/masikkk/algorithms/blob/master/leetcode/leetcode/_189_RotateArray.java

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